When I was writing my professional paper for my Master of Public Health program I used many tools to help me describe the relationship between stress and poor health outcomes, and the relationship between stress and gender roles. My topic was difficult to introduce because it was inclusive of many variables.
During my writing process I utilized The World Economic Forum’s, Gender Gap Report. This report was very useful. The Gender Gap Report ranks 145 economies according to several indicators of gender equality: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment. Each indicator is scored on a scale from zero to one. A score closer to zero indicates no equality, and a score close to one indicates equality.
Where does the United States stand?
In 2015, the United States received a score of 28 out of 145. This is down from the 2014 ranking of 20 of 145. In both 2014 and 2015, the United States received a similar score of 0.74. This means that in one year, several countries improved their rankings on indicators of gender equality and the United States stayed relatively the same.
These are the rankings the United States received for each indicator of gender equality.
As you can see the United States scored a nearly perfect one for educational attainment. Health and survival came in second with a score of 0.975. On the indicator of economic participation and opportunity, women in the United States seem to still be lacking in the wage equality for similar work, with a score of 0.66. The final indicator of political empowerment, the United States received a score of 0.185, a score very close to zero. This means that women in the United States are lacking in political representation across all levels of governmental representation.
I took a look at a few other countries included in the Gender Gap Report and many countries scored lowest on the indicator of political empowerment. Take a look for yourself. You can access the 2015 Gender Gap Report here: http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2015/
What does this all mean? To me the information that the Gender Gap Report provides an insight into the current statues of women living in the United States and it is clear that topics of gender equality are still relevant.
Gender equality is not a woman’s issue. It is a human issue. It affects us all.